DOGS LIKE TO OBEY. IT GIVES THEM SECURITY. -JAMES HERRIOT
The Following Commands
Proper Communication Techniques
Basic Obedience Commands
When your dog is about four to six months old, he will probably be ready for obedience training. If you have an older dog, it’s never too late to start. Dogs are smart; they can learn at any age.
To teach sit, put your dog or puppy on your left side. Walk along with your dog, stop, and give the command “Sit!” You don’t have to yell, just speak in a normal tone of voice. With your left hand, guide his rear down into a sitting position. Your right hand holds his head up and in position with the lead. When his rear end hits the floor and he’s looking up at you, say “Good sit!” Practice once or twice several times a day.
With your pup or dog on lead on your left side, tell him “Sit.” When he’s seated, say “Stay,” and place the palm of your left hand in front of his muzzle. Take one step away from him. Don’t try to make him stay for more than a few seconds at first. If he moves, guide him back into position and start over. When he will stay for just a few seconds, praise with “Good stay!” and call him to you happily. Slowly increase the time and distance you step away from him until he’ll stay for at least three minutes. With practice you’ll be able to go some distance before coming back.
This one also starts off with your dog or puppy sitting on your left side. Stand over or kneel beside him and take his front paws in your hands. Say “Down” and gently move his paws out and down until he is in the down position. If you do this with your left arm over his back and around his body, he shouldn’t want to struggle against you. Keep him in position for a few seconds and then release him and get him into sit position for another try. Practice occasionally until he goes down on command without your having to move him. He should stay quietly until released, without any pressure of your hand on his back. After a few days, you should be able to stand and give only one command, “Down,” to have him lie at your side.
This is probably the most important command your dog can learn. With your puppy or dog walking at your side, take a sudden step back and say your dog’s name followed by “Come!” As you call him, snap the lead to turn him around and get him headed back to you. Make it fun. When he’s facing you, keep walking backward, urging him along. The key to success with “Come” is that there is never a contest of brute strength between you and your dog. He should already be in motion when you first give him the “Come” command while walking, and you should be happily encouraging him to join you. Never call your dog to come when you’re angry, or he will associate coming to you with something negative.
To begin heeling, put the dog on your left side and start to walk by calling his name and giving the command to heel. Give the command just as you take the first step, and simultaneously give a light snap on the leash to persuade him to come along. Remember to step off with your left leg first; this tells your dog you’re ready to go. As you walk along, continue to urge him to walk at your left side, with his neck and shoulder aligned with your left leg. Praise when he gets it right: “Good heel!” It takes a while for a dog to learn this one. Practice in brief but lengthening sessions two or more times daily until you have to give only one command as you start walking.